I remember the names Lic,Delnice,Zagreb when I was little.. Also possibly Dubrovnik, or Dalmatia? Thanks, Jana Minerich-Breda. But I believe that most of the Croatians who settled in that region were Croatians from the region of Dalmatia which would have been under the jurisdiction of the Austria part of Austria - Hungary.
Ivan Deli You can email me for further details at ivce gmail. Ivan Delic Se I am looking for relatives of my gr grandfather Fortunato Mavrovich,born Spincici Dalmatia , about had a sister, Antonia. Parents were Mathias and Antonia,nee Gregaric.
Fortunato emigrated to NZ after spen Clair with burial in the Schuylk I am searching for my family's originj. As I know, the founder of our family emigrated from dalmatia to Northern of bosnia in the middle of the 18th century. Most of us lived there till war in bosnia.
Who kno Maurer Sr. He is survived by his wife, Ru Long and Emma Jane Troutman. She was a resi If he came from Dubrovnik more like a smaller nearby village then he came from Dalmatia , which was under the rule of the Austrian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. I would not base hi I'll be g In the US Fed.
Census He is listed as Bosco Bastainich born in Dalmatia in In the census he is listed as Bosco Mustiuch born in Austria about In both his occupation is fisherman.
He wa Re: How to read or write Serbian origin of your name? They were from Premuda and Skarda. He and his brothers exported coal to Dalmatia. The coal exporting business was bankrupted when one of the partners absconded with all the company monies. I have a whole lotta history for Antonio Conte de Luc Myrtle Bingaman, Dalmatia ; Mrs. Lilly Mausser, Gratz; Mrs. Ira Wekler, Dearfield, OH; 10 grandchildren; eight great gr Germanus Lucio came from. He had a Shield quartered in gold and red. Both parents are indicated as from Dalmatia and Coratian was the mother tongue.
Their names are John born and Annie born I do n He then went to the present site of "Georgetown" Dalmatia. He was naturilized He served as a member of the Committee of Safety of Nortrhumberla Cloyd H.
Tomislav defeated Hungarian and Bulgarian invasions, spreading the influence of Croatian kings. Opposition to the claim led to a war and personal union of Croatia and Hungary in , ruled by Coloman. The later kings sought to restore some of their previously lost influence by giving certain privileges to the towns. For the next four centuries, the Kingdom of Croatia was ruled by the Sabor parliament and a Ban viceroy appointed by the king. Later, however, the Angevins intervened and restored royal power. Separate coronation as King of Croatia was gradually allowed to fall into abeyance and last crowned king is Charles Robert in after which Croatia contented herself with a separate diploma inaugurale.
The reign of Louis the Great — is considered the golden age of Croatian medieval history. Ladislaus of Naples also sold the whole of Dalmatia to Venice in The period saw increasing threat of Ottoman conquest and struggle against the Republic of Venice for control of coastal areas.
The Venetians gained control over most of Dalmatia by With exception of the city-state of Dubrovnik which became independent, the rule of Venice on most of Dalmatia will last nearly four centuries c. In the estates of Croatia declined to recognize Vladislaus II until he had taken oath to respect their liberties, and insisted upon his erasing from the diploma certain phrases which seemed to reduce Croatia to the rank of a mere province. The dispute was solved in As the Turkish incursion into Europe started, Croatia once again became a border area.
The Croats fought an increasing number of battles and gradually lost increasing swathes of territory to the Ottoman Empire.
On the other side, the Croatian Parliament met in Cetin and chose Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg as new ruler of Croatia, under the condition that he provide protection to Croatia against the Ottoman Empire while respecting its political rights. A few years later both crown would be again united in Habsburgs hands and the union would be restored.
The Ottoman Empire further expanded in the 16th century to include most of Slavonia, western Bosnia then called Turkish Croatia and Lika. Later in the same century, Croatia was so weak that its parliament authorized Ferdinand Habsburg to carve out large areas of Croatia and Slavonia adjacent to the Ottoman Empire for the creation of the Military Frontier Vojna Krajina , German: Militaergrenze which would be ruled directly from Vienna's military headquarters.
The area became rather deserted and was subsequently settled by Serbs , Vlachs, Croats and Germans and others. As a result of their compulsory military service to the Habsburg Empire during conflict with the Ottoman Empire, the population in the Military Frontier was free of serfdom and enjoyed much political autonomy, unlike the population living in the parts ruled by Hungary.
The Ottoman army was successfully repelled for the first time on the territory of Croatia following the battle of Sisak in The lost territory was partially restored, except for large parts of today's Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lika and Slavonia regions of present Croatia. By the 18th century , the Ottoman Empire was driven out of Hungary, and Austria brought the empire under central control.
Empress Maria Theresa of Austria was supported by the Croatians in the War of Austrian Succession of — and subsequently made significant contributions to Croatian matters. With the fall of the Venetian Republic in , its possessions in eastern Adriatic became subject to a dispute between France and Austria. The Habsburgs eventually secured them by and Dalmatia and Istria became part of the empire, though they were in Cisleithania while Croatia and Slavonia were under Hungary.
Croatian romantic nationalism emerged in the midth century to counteract the apparent Germanization and Magyarization of Croatia.
The Illyrian movement attracted a number of influential figures from the s on, and produced some important advances in the Croatian language and culture. In the Revolutions of Croatia, driven by fear of Magyar nationalism, supported the Habsburg court against Hungarian revolutionary forces. In the Dual Monarchy was created; Croatian autonomy was restored in with the Croatian—Hungarian Settlement which was comparatively favourable for the Croatians, but still problematic because of issues such as the unresolved status of Rijeka. World War I brought an end to the Habsburg Empire.
Croatia suffered great loss of life in the war, and while there was some late effort to establish a Croatian section of the Empire, ultimately the military defeat led to the establishment of a separate South Slavic state, which would later be named Yugoslavia. Shortly before the end of the First World War in , the Croatian Parliament severed relations with Austria-Hungary as the Entente armies defeated those of the Habsburgs.
Croatia and Slavonia became a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs composed out of all Southern Slavic territories of the now former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with a transitional government headed in Zagreb. Although the state inherited much of Austro-Hungary's military arsenal, including the entire fleet, the Kingdom of Italy moved rapidly to annex the state's most western territories, promised to her by the Treaty of London of An Italian Army eventually took Istria, started to annex the Adriatic islands one by one, and even landed in Zadar.
Partial resolution to the so-called Adriatic Question would come in with the Treaty of Rapallo. The Croatian Peasant Party boycotted the government of the Serbian People's Radical Party throughout the period, except for a brief interlude between and , when external Italian expansionism was at hand with her allies, Albania, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria that threatened Yugoslavia as a whole. In the early s the Yugoslav government of Serbian prime minister Nikola Pasic used police pressure over voters and ethnic minorities, confiscation of opposition pamphlets and other measures of election rigging to keep the opposition, and mainly the Croatian Peasant Party and its allies in minority in Yugoslav parliament.
Pasic believed that Yugoslavia should be as centralized as possible, creating in place of distinct regional governments and identities a Greater Serbian national concept of concentrated power in the hands of Belgrade. In , King Aleksandar proclaimed a dictatorship and imposed a new constitution which, among other things, renamed the country the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The territory of Croatia was largely divided into the territories of the Sava and Littoral Banates.
Political parties were banned from the start and the royal dictatorship took on an increasingly harsh character. According to the British historian Misha Glenny the murder in March of Toni Schlegel, editor of a pro-Yugoslavian newspaper Novosti , brought a "furious response" from the regime. In Lika and west Herzegovina in particular, which he described as "hotbeds of Croatian separatism," he wrote that the majority-Serb police acted "with no restraining authority whatsoever.
Politics was soon "indistinguishable from gangsterism. But its leaders did manage to convince the Communist Party that it was a progressive movement. This Croatia included a part of Bosnia, most of Herzegovina and the city of Dubrovnik and the surroundings. Following the pattern of other fascist regimes in Europe, the Ustashi enacted racial laws, formed eight concentration camps targeting minority Serbs, Roma s and Jewish populations, as well as Croatian and Bosnian Muslim partisans.
The biggest concentration camp was Jasenovac in Croatia. The NDH had a program, formulated by Mile Budak , to purge Croatia of Serbs , by "killing one third, expelling the other third and assimilating the remaining third". The main targets for persecution were the Serbs, with approximately , were killed.
The anti-fascist communist-led Partisan movement, based on pan-Yugoslav ideology, emerged in early , under the command of Croatian-born Josip Broz Tito , spreading quickly into many parts of Yugoslavia. The 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment, often hailed as the first armed anti-fascist resistance unit in occupied Europe, was formed in Croatia, in the Brezovica Forest near the town of Sisak. As the movement began to gain popularity, the Partisans gained strength from Croats, Bosniaks, Serbs, Slovenes, and Macedonians who believed in a unified, but federal, Yugoslav state.
By , the Partisan resistance movement had gained the upper hand, against the odds, and in , with help from the Soviet Red Army passing only through small parts such as Vojvodina , expelled the Axis forces and local supporters. The ZAVNOH , state anti-fascist council of people's liberation of Croatia, functioned since and formed an interim civil government by They were instead interned by British forces and then returned to the Partisans.
Under the new communist system, privately owned factories and estates were nationalized, and the economy was based on a type of planned market socialism. The country underwent a rebuilding process, recovered from World War II, went through industrialization and started developing tourism.
The country's socialist system also provided free apartments from big companies, which with the workers' self-management investments paid for the living spaces. From , the citizens of Yugoslavia were allowed to travel to almost any country because of the neutral politics. No visas were required to travel to eastern or western countries, or to capitalist or communist nations.
Such free travel was unheard of at the time in the Eastern Bloc countries, and in some western countries as well e. This proved to be very helpful for Croatia's inhabitants who found working in foreign countries more financially rewarding. Upon retirement, a popular plan was to return to live in Croatia then Yugoslavia to buy a more expensive property.
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In Yugoslavia, the people of Croatia were guaranteed free healthcare, free dental care, and secure pensions. The older generation found this very comforting as pensions would sometimes exceed their former paychecks. Free trade and travel within the country also helped Croatian industries that imported and exported throughout all the former republics.